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The great teacher of Ophthalmology دکترمارشال پارکس٬ پدر چشم پزشکی کودکان

Marshall Miller Parks ( was born on 6 July 1918 and died on 27 July 2005). Marshall’s death marks the passing of the archetypal American gentleman pediatric ophthalmologist. With changing life styles, ambitions, ethics, and training we are unlikely to see anyone remotely similar. But many of his gifts in life have been passed on to the pediatric ophthalmologists that he influenced as surely as if the message were sent unerringly in a double helix. Born in Old Mission, MI, USA, son of Ruth and Reuben Parks, he was one of four siblings. He received his BS from Illinois College in 1939, and graduated from St Louis University School of Medicine in 1943 before entering the US Navy during the second world war, serving as a medical officer on destroyers in the South Pacific. He studied pediatric ophthalmology under Frank D Costenbader, the first American pediatric ophthalmologist, and they started the first fellowship programe at what became the Children’s National Medical Center in Washington, DC. He held many other posts in Washington, DC, and later in Dallas, Texas, during his career as a full time private practitioner. Among many elected positions, Dr Parks was a founding member and first president of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus and was president of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Dr Parks’s academic contributions included the diagnosis and treatment of strabismus and amblyopia, description of the monofixation syndrome, the benefits of early strabismus surgery, the management of infantile cataracts, and innovative surgical techniques. He wrote several meticulously researched and illustrated books, contributed chapters to 30 others, and had over 70 papers published. He presented 45 named lectures, one of which was the 1977 Doyne lecture on “The superior oblique tendon.” Like other lectures that he gave, and the associated publications, it was clear, beautifully illustrated, contained observations based on his vast clinical experience, and one felt that he made things look so easy that if you just followed the rules he laid down you could not go wrong! He was an energetic person and a prodigious worker. Following him in his practice was not for the faint hearted: for about three days a week he saw the first patient at 07.30 then several patients an hour (all beautifully organized and drilled by his secretary with letters dictated at the end of the consultation and given to the patient before departure). He had half an hour for lunch and then saw patients through to 19.30. Academic work came after dinner and, if fortunate enough to be staying at his house, a visitor got to take part in that too! On top of his vast outpatient practice he had a very brisk referral surgical practice as a result of his meticulous and technically excellent surgery, and he served on numerous committees. Just to eulogise the work side of Dr Parks’s life is to miss the point. He and his late wife Angeline raised 11 children in a suitably sized house on Massachusetts Avenue, next to the British embassy. One son, Peter, predeceased him. He had 25 grandchildren and 10 great grandchildren. He had a strong religious faith and was a great family man, most relaxed when surrounded by family and ready to move mountains for any of them. Dr Parks had a summer retreat in Maine, which he referred to as his “sacred place.” There, work and teaching were never far away, though, and many pediatric ophthalmologists went there in the summer months to take part in teaching and learning sessions. Marshall could listen and, although it was rather difficult to get him to change his views on a subject, once he did he gave credit to who had changed them. He had that great knack of making one feel that one was the only person at that moment that he was engaging with. He was sociable and liked to share with guests his passion for the occasional strong martini. His legendary sense of humour even survived when, over a mistake in the Anglo-American meaning of the word quite, he was booked into the most expensive suite in the most expensive hotel in London! Angeline and Marshall made a great team with common goals and a shared philosophy of life that their children have benefited from and thus Angeline’s death left a big gap in his life. Later, he had the great good fortune to meet and later marry Martha, also distinguished in her own right, who formed another enduring anchor point till the end of his 87 year long and fruitful life in July 2005. “Happy are those who have died in the Lord; let them rest from their labours for their good deeds go with them

Dr.Zimmerman, Ophthalmo-Pathologist, AFIP دکتر زیمرمن٬ افتالموپاتولژیست

Lorenz E. Zimmerman, MD (1920 – 2013) SILVER MEDALIST, 2008 Recognized as a brilliant physician and founder of modern ophthalmic pathology, and well-regarded author, scientist, most generous teacher and influential mentor. His seminal contributions relate to retinoblastoma, ocular melanoma and other intraocular tumors.   Recognized as the founder of modern ophthalmic pathology, Dr. Zimmerman dedicated his life to the study of the pathologic basis of ocular disease. As a scientist, investigator, writer, but most significantly as a teacher, no physician has had a greater impact on ophthalmic pathology. Dr. Zimmerman trained over 50 fellows in the field of ophthalmic pathology, presently practicing worldwide.  Born, on November 15, 1920, and raised in Washington, DC, Dr. Zimmerman completed his undergraduate and medical degrees at the George Washington University and a general pathology residency at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center in 1950. He was then appointed as the pathologist in charge of a field hospital pathology laboratory in Korea where he served until 1952. For this service, he was awarded the Bronze Star and the Legion of Merit.  In 1952, Dr. Zimmerman returned to Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, and was appointed to the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP). Although he had not had specific training in the pathology of the eye and ocular adnexa, he eventually became Chairman of the Department of Ophthalmic Pathology in 1954. This was the start of a 52-year stint at the AFIP, during which time he was a prolific author, lecturer, and teacher.  Dr. Zimmerman was co-author of the original Hogan and Zimmerman Ophthalmic Pathology text, first published in 1962. He contributed to subsequent editions, and the latest, Spencer's Ophthalmic Pathology, is now 4 volumes. He also authored over 300 articles in peer-reviewed journals, many of which are landmark contributions. He delivered over 80 named lectureships including the 1960 Jackson Memorial Lecture. The American Academy of Ophthalmology created the Lorenz E. Zimmerman Annual Lecture in his honor. He was a founding member of the Verhoeff Society for Ophthalmic Pathology; in 1998, to recognize Dr. Zimmerman's contributions, the Society voted to change the name to the Verhoeff-Zimmerman Society.  Organizations from all ophthalmic sub-specialties have honored Dr. Zimmerman. He has been the recipient of numerous medals including The Ernst Jung Prize for Medicine, the Helen Keller Prize for Vision Research, the Pisart award, the Donders Medal of the Netherlands, and he is the only non-ophthalmologist to receive the Lucien Howe Medal of the American Ophthalmological Society. He was also voted by his peers to be one of the 20th century's ten most influential ophthalmologists. Dr. Zimmerman holds an honorary degree from the University of Illinois.  In honor of his distinguished career and contributions to ophthalmology, he was the 2006 American Academy of Ophthalmology Laureate and the 2008 Marshall M. Parks Silver Medalist.  Despite all of these honors, Dr. Zimmerman remained, as he always was, an unassuming, modest, and unpretentious individual. When asked about his accomplishments, he stated that his greatest fortune was to be able to interact with so many of the young, brilliant and talented physicians and scientists over the years. Students of Dr. Zimmerman admired him for his honesty, in his scientific endeavors, in what he demanded of his students, and in his personal life. Through his work, Dr. Zimmerman was able to make seminal contributions to the practice of ophthalmology including the recognition of various entities causing leukocoria and the management of ocular melanoma, but his family remained his top priority. He and his wife, Anastasia (Stasch), had 6 children, 14 grandchildren, and 10 great-grandchildren. The Verhoeff Society honored Stasch for her support of the fellows and alumni meetings. Dr. Zimmerman died in Baltimore, MD, on March 16, 2013, only 10 days apart from his beloved wife

Dr.Bijan Youssefi Ophthalmologist

دکتربیژن یوسفی
استاد من در آموزش چشم پزشکی هستند. سخاوتی که در تدریس داشتند و هرآنچه میدانستند بی کم و کاست در اختیار رزیدنتهای خود میگذاشتند را در کمتر استادی سراغ دارم.
تا مدتها اجازه انجام حتی جراحی های کوچک را نداشتیم و فقط ناظر بودیم٬ و زمانی که مطمئن شدند روشهای جراحی را یاد گرفته ایم٬ و ما تشنه دریافت اجازه انجام جراحی هستیم٬ فرمودند حالا وقتش رسیده که کتاب "عوارض جراحی های چشم" را با دقت بخوانیم و همه نکات آنرا بخاطر بسپاریم و آزمون مطالب آن را هم بخوبی بگذرانیم تا اجازه انجام جراحی را داشته باشیم٬ و همیشه میگفتند وقتی یک جراحی بخوبی انجام میشود این نتیجه و روال یک تکنیک است ولی وقتی ناخواسته عارضه ای پیش میآید٬ اینجا دانائی و آشنائی جراح به اصل جراحی و به ویژّه عوارض ناخواسته آن٬ به کمک جراح آمده و نتیجه جراحی را به سوی یک عمل موفق هدایت میکند.
استاد راه یادگیری را به ما آموخت. افتخار بزرگی است که همیشه خود را شاگرد ایشان میدانم.

فکر بلبل  همه آن است که  گل شد یارش  --- گل دراندیشه که چون عشوه کنددرکارش
دلربایی همه آن نیست که عاشق بکشند   --- خواجه آن است که باشد غم خدمتکارش
جای آنست که خون موج زند در دل لعل   ---   زین تغابن که خزف می شکند بازارش
بلبل از فیض گل آموخت سخن٬ ورنه نبود  ---  این همه قول و غزل٬ تعبیه در منقارش 
آن سفر کرده که صد قافله دل همره اوست   ---   هر کجا هست٬ خدایا به سلامت دارش

دکتر یلدا استاد بیماریهای عفونی که هرگز یادشان و آثارشان از یاد نخواهد رفت.

دکتر علیرضا یلدا
سال و محل تولد : ۱۳۰۹ تهران
رشته تخصصی : پزشکی (بیماریهای عفونی)
فعالیت ها : گذراندن دوران تحصیلی تا اخذ دیپلم در تهران ورود به دانشکده علوم پزشکی دانشگاه تهران در سال ۱۳۳۰ فارغ التحصیلی در سال ۱۳۳۶ و گذراندن دوره تخصصی بیماریهای عفونی و اشتغال به کار در بیمارستان امام خمینی (ره) عضویت در هیئت علمی دانشکده پزشکی دانشگاه تهران و تحقیق و تدریس در دانشگاه ها و نظارت بر روی تألیف پایان نامه ها و ترجمه کتبی علمی ارتقاء به رتبه استادی دانشگاه تهران ارتقاء به رتبه استادی دانشگاه تهران عضویت در هیئت تحریریه نشریه های معتبر علمی عضویت پیوسته در فرهنگستان علوم پزشکی جمهوری اسلامی ایران برگزیده شدن به عنوان چهره ماندگار عرصه پزشکی (بیماریهای عفونی) در نخستین همایش چهره های ماندگار سال ۱۳۸۰
 آثار : ۱. درمان بیماریهای عفونی: در شش جلد کتاب در زمینه پزشکی و درمان بیماریهای عفونی ۲. همکاری در تدوین 5 مقاله بین‌المللی ۳. نکته‌ها در زمینه اخلاق پزشکی: که اخلاق پزشکی را به شکل اندرزهایی اخلاقی و حرفه‌ای به پزشکان و همکاران خود نگاشته است. ۴. ترجمه کتب پزشکی : تاکنون دهها کتاب پزشکی زیر نظر ایشان به فارسی ترجمه یا نگارش شده است. کتب و مقالات استاد ، مولف 17 كتاب در زمينه هاي دانش و اخلاق پزشكي، درمان بوده كه نمونه هايي از آن به شرح ذيل است: 1- نكته ها در 2 جلد 2- كتاب بيماري هاي عفوني ويروسي و باكتريال (دوجلد) 3- كتاب بيماري هاي قارچي داخلي (سيستميك) 4- كتاب چكيده و نوشتجات پزشكي (دوجلد) 5- نظارت بر تعدادي از كتاب هاي ترجمه شده نظير هاريسون، سيسيل 6- پايان نامه ها و مقالات بالغ بر 100 مورد 7-نکته‌ها در زمینه اخلاق پزشکی: که اخلاق پزشکی را به شکل اندرزهایی اخلاقی و حرفه‌ای به پزشکان و همکاران خود نگاشته است. 8- ترجمه کتب پزشکی : تاکنون دهها کتاب پزشکی زیر نظر ایشان به فارسی ترجمه یا نگارش شده است. از اين آثار در حيطه ادب، مي توان به كتاب "نكته ها" اشاره داشت كه در رابطه با پند و اندرز و جملات آموزنده بزرگان است.
سوابق علمی و عملی: عضو دائمي بورد پزشكي دانشگاه علوم پزشكي تهران؛ عضو هيئت علمي مجلات Acta Medica Iranicaو مجله دانشكده پزشكي دانشگاه علوم پزشكي تهران؛ ويراستار مجله علمي پژوهشي سازمان نظامپزشكي جمهوري اسلامي ايران؛ كميته بازبيني ارتقاي اعضاي هيئت علمي دانشكده پزشكي دانشگاه علوم پزشكي تهران تقدیر نامه ها : اطلاق پدر بيماريهاي عفوني ايران از طرف دانشگاه علوم پزشكي تهران؛ استاد نمونه دانشگاه علوم پزشكي تهران؛ دريافت بيش از 20 جايزه براي خدمات و همكاريهاي برجسته ايشان؛ نامگذاری مجله دانشکده پزشکی دانشگاه زنجان به افتخار پروفسور یلدا؛ تاسيس "بنياد آكادميك جهاني پروفسور يلدا در دانش پزشکی" به پاس خدمات برجسته ایشان در عرصه آموزش و پژوهش

Sir Stewart Duke-Elder

Sir Stewart Duke-Elder, a Scot, was a dominant force in British and international ophthalmology for more than a quarter of a century. He is best remembered as a talented and prolific writer and editor, producing seven volumes of Textbook of Ophthalmology and fifteen volumes of System of Ophthalmology, along with many other textbooks and scientific papers that provided the educational foundation for most of the world’s ophthalmologists. This monumental contribution to medical literature earned him the title of Fellow of the Royal Society in England. In addition to his own writings, Duke-Elder served for many years as editor of British Journal of Ophthalmology and Ophthalmic Literature and he was instrumental in the formation and research direction of the Institute of Ophthalmology in London. He was knighted in 1933 and subsequently earned many more honors, serving as the Surgeon-Oculist to King Edward VIII, George V and the present Queen Elizabeth


Dr. Kelman was born in Brooklyn, New York, on May 23, 1930. After graduating from Forest Hills High School and Boston's Tufts University, he completed medical studies at the University of Geneva, Switzerland; an internship at Kings County Hospital, Brooklyn; and residency in ophthalmology at the Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia. He has been in private practice in New York City since 1960. In 1962 Dr. Kelman devised the cryo-probe for cataract extraction. In 1963 Dr. Kelman pioneered the use of freezing for the repair of retinal detachments. Retinal cryopexy remains a frequent adjunct in retinal surgery to this day.Kelman introduced phacoemulsification,in 1967, In 1975 Dr. Kelman began designing lens implants for use in conjunction with cataract surgery;Neurosurgeons have adopted the Kelman phacoemulsification machine for use in dissecting tumors from delicate brain and spinal cord tissue in children. In this way, the device has saved hundreds of young lives. At present, Charles D. Kelman, MD is working on several new projects, including artificial blood vessels, artificial corneas and a magnetic cataract extraction procedure that will retain the patient eye normal ability to focus on near and distant objects. Clinical professor of ophthalmology at New York Medical College, Dr. Kelman holds the position of attending surgeon at the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary and Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital. He is a consultant surgeon at many hospitals throughout the world. Dr. Kelman has been the recipient of several prominent awards Special Recognition Award, the Ridley Medal by the International Congress of Ophthalmology, the First Innovators Award in Ophthalmology and received the Binkhorst Medal, both from the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, as well as the first recipient of the Outstanding Achievement Award for excellence in cataract surgery from the American Society of Contemporary Ophthalmology. He was awarded the "Inventor of the Year Award" by the New York Patent, Trademark and Copyright Law Association for his development of the Kelman phacoemulsification procedure. In June 1992, Dr. Kelman was awarded the Prestigious National Medal of Technology by President George H.W. Bush and at the International Congress on Cataract and Refractive Surgery in Montreal, Canada, Dr. Kelman was named "Ophthalmologist of the Century" for his pioneering work in phacoemulsification. Dr. Kelman is immediate past president of the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons. He has written hundreds of articles, papers and scientific books as well as a book for lay readers on cataracts and an autobiography entitled Through My Eyes (both from Crown Publishing). He continues to teach his surgical techniques while devoting his spare time to several new projects, including a musical, The Right Pair of Shoes, and an album that was released by Columbia Records